Learning lOg Page 25

Suite- a group of self-contained instrumental movements of varying character, usually in the same key.

Partita – a suite, typically for a solo instrument or chamber ensemble

Variations – a version of a theme, modified in melody, rhythm, harmony, or ornamentation, so as to present it in a new but still recognizable form

Fugue – a contrapuntal composition in which a short melody or phrase (the subject) is introduced by one part and successively taken up by others and developed by interweaving the parts.

Cantata – a medium-length narrative piece of music for voices with instrumental accompaniment, typically with solos, chorus, and orchestra.

Concerto – a musical composition for a solo instrument or instruments accompanied by an orchestra, especially one conceived on a relatively large scale.

Sonata – a composition for an instrumental soloist, often with a piano accompaniment, typically in several movements with one or more in sonata form.

Sonata da camera –  is literally translated to mean “chamber sonata” and is used to describe a group of instrumental pieces set into three or four different movements, beginning with a prelude, or small sonata, acting as an introduction for the following movements

Sonata da chiesa – (Italian: “church sonata”) a type of sonata, most commonly a Baroque instrumental work with several (often four) movements, originally thought appropriate for church

Oratorio – a large scale work for voices and instruments. Like opera, oratoria often have a strong narrative arc (storyline). Unlike opera, an oratorio is generally performed without costumes, scenery, or stage direction.

Mass –  (Latin: missa), a form of sacred musical composition, is a choral composition that sets the invariable portions of the Eucharistic liturgy to music.

Chaconne –  is a continuous variation, usually in triple metre and a major key; it is generally characterized by a short, repeating bass line or harmonic progression. The chaconne form, which is similar to that of the passacaglia, was used by composers in the Baroque period and later.

Concerto grosso – Italian for big concerto is a form of baroque music in which the musical material is passed between a small group of soloists (the concertino) and full orchestra (the ripieno, tutti or concerto grosso).

Canzona – Canzona, a genre of Italian instrumental music in the 16th and 17th centuries. In 18th- and 19th-century music, the term canzona refers to a lyrical song or songlike instrumental piece.

Passion – In Christian music, a Passion is a setting of the Passion of Christ.  Passions were intended to be performed as part of church services in the Holy Week

Motet –  is a mainly vocal musical composition, of highly diverse form and style, from the late medieval era to the present. The motet was one of the pre-eminent polyphonic forms of Renaissance music.

Passacaglia – is a musical form that originated in early seventeenth-century Spain and is still used today by composers. It is usually of a serious character and is often, but not always, based on a bass-ostinato and written in triple metre.